H.P At A Glance

Area

55673 Sq. km

Total Population

68,64,602 (2011 Census)

Males

34,81,873 (2011 Census)

Females

33,82,729 (2011 Census)

Population Density

123 (2011 Census)

Sex Ratio

974

Rural Population

61,76,050 (2011 Census)

Urban Population

6,88,552 (2011 Census)

Scheduled Caste Population

17,29,252 (2011 Census)

Scheduled Tribe Population

3,92,126 (2011 Census)

Literacy Rate

82.80% (2011 Census)

Male Literacy

89.53% (2011 Census)

Female Literacy

75.93% (2011 Census)

Districts

12

Tehsils/Sub-Tehsils

145

Developmental Block

78

Towns and Cities

59

Panchayats

3,226

Zila Parishad

12

Nagar Nigam

2

Census Villages

20,690

Electrified Villages

100%

Food grain production

16.974 Lakh M.T ( 2015-16)

Fruit Production

8.19 Lakh M.T. ( 2015-16)

Per Capita Income (at current rates)

Rs. 1,30,067 (2015-16)


GENESIS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

-        Himachal Pradesh came into being as a part – “C” State of Indian Union on 15th April, 1948 by integrating 30 big and small hill states.

-        These State were: Baghat, Bhajji, Baghal, Bija, Balsen, Bushehar, Chamba, Darboti, Deloth-Dhadi, Dhami, Ghund, Jubbal, Khaneti Kyarhoti, Kumarsain, Kunnihar, Kuthar, Mandi, Madhan, Mahlog, Mangal, Kot (Ratesh), Keonthal, Rawinigarh, Sangri, Sirmour Suhet, Tharoch, Theog etc.

-        All these areas at theat time constituted four districts namely: Chamba, Mahasu, Mandi and Sirmour with a area of 27,169 square kilometers.

  -      In 1954, the neighboring State of Bilaspur was integrated with Himachal Pradesh there by adding one more district having 1167 S.K.

-        HP remained part  “C” State of the Indian Union till 1956.

-        In 1956 States reorganization Commission recommended to abolish the categorization of States as Part A, B, C etc.

-        H.P. status as Union Territory continued till the conferment of Statehood on 25th January, 1971.

-        In 1960, the Border chini tehsil of Mahasu district was carved out as a separate administrative unit and district Kinnaur was formed raising the total number of districts to rise.

-        On 1st November, 1966 the then Pubjab State was reorganized with the formation of Haryana as a separate State and Kullu, Kangra, Shimla and some hilly areas of Hoshiarpur district and Dalhousie of Gurdaspur district merged into HP and four new districts formed viz. Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Kangra and Shimla.

-        With this addition at that time, HP constituted of ten districts, an area of 55,673 kilometres and population 28.12 lakh (1961 census).

-        On 1st September, 1972 two more districts viz Hamirpur and Una were created by trifurcation of Kangra districts.

-         Mahasu and Shimla districts were recoganised as Shimla an Solan districts on 1st September, 1972.

-        Since, 1st September, 1972 onwards, there had been no change in the administrative structure of HP. Presently, there are 12 districts, 52 Sub-divisions, 75 tehsils and 34 Sub-tehsils in Himachal Pradesh.

 

PHYSICAL FEATURES

Himachal Pradesh is almost wholly mountainous with altitudes ranging from 350meters to 6,975 meters above the mean sea level. It is located between Latitude 30O 22’ 40’’ N to 33O 12’ 20’’ N and Longitude 75O 45’ 55’’ E to 79O 04’ 20’’ E. It has a deeply dissected topography, complex geological structure and a rich temperate flora in the sub-tropical latitudes. Physiographically, the State can be divided into five zones – viz. (i) Wet Sub-temperate zone, (ii) Humid Sub-temperate zone, (iii) Dry temperate-alpine High lands, (iv) Humid Sb-tropical zone, and (v) Sub-Humid Sub-tropical zone. Wet Sub-temperate sone comprises Palampur and Dharamsala of Kangra District, Jogindernagar area of Mandi district and Dalhousie area of Chamba district, Humid Sub-temperate zone comprises the districts of Kullu, Shimla, parts of Mandi, Solan, chamba, Kangra and Sirmour, Dry temperate-Alpine High lands include major parts of Lahaul-Spiti, Pangi and Minnaur, Humid Sub-tropical zone consists district Sirmaur, Bhattiyat valley of district Chamba, Nalagarh area of district Solan, Dehragopipur and Nurpur areas of district Kangra, Sub-humid tropical zone Sirmour and Indora area of district Kangra.

-     Climatically Himachal Pradesh can be divided into three zones (I) The outer Himalayas, (ii) The Inner Himalayas and (iii) Alpine zone. The first zone gets annual rainfall between 150 cms and 175 cms. In second it varies between 75 cms to 100 cms and the Alpine zone remains under snow for about five to six months. The average annual rainfall in the State is about 160 cms. The climate varies between hot and ahumid in the valley areas to freezing cold in the home of perpetual snow.

-    The soils of Himachal Pradesh can be divided into nine groups on the basis of their development and physio-chemical properties. These groups are alluvial soils, Brown hill soils, Brown earths, Brown porests soils, Grey wooded or Podozolic soils, Grey brown podzolic soils, Plansolic soils, Humus and iron Podzols and Alpine hunus mountain skeletal soils.

 

-    Five perennial rivers Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Yamuna flow through its territory. The utility of these rivers though restricted considerably by the rugged and undulating terrain of the State, nevertheless, these rivers posses immense potential for the generation of hydro-electricity. 

8.19 Lakh M.T. ( 2015-16)

 

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